in its design are organizational culture,
determining goals, involving users, aligning with organizational goals, determining key performance indicators and
benchmark standards, data, knowledge
discovery, security, flexibility, timeframe,
representation, evaluation, and architectural and technical considerations.
A well defined, comprehensive, and valid
dashboard can help achieve goals, improve
quality of performance, make decisions in
less time, reduce errors, and also improve
the capacity and workflow management,
resource allocation, cost management, and
planning for expansion and growth.
1Zhang J, et al. Radiology information system:
a workflow-based approach. Int J Comput
Assist Radiol Surg. 2009; 4( 5):509–516.
2Karami M. Operational Radiology Dashboard: A
Tool for Optimizing Workflow Management.
in 28th Iranian congress of Radiology. 2012.
Iran: Iranian society of radiology.
3Morgan MB, et al. The radiology digital dashboard: effects on report turnaround time.
J Digit Imaging. 2008; 21( 1): 50–58.
4Morgan MB, et al. Flying blind: using a digital
dashboard to navigate a complex PACS
environment. J Digit Imaging. 2006;
5Few S. Information Dashboard Design. 2006.
6 Wadsworth T, et al. Using business intelligence
to improve performance. Healthcare
Financial Management. 2009;63:68–78.
7Yaghoubi N, Moloudi J, and Haghi A.
Relationship of organizational culture and
organization intelligence in public organization. EMQR. 2010; 1( 1): 8.
8Randell R and Dowding D. Organisational
influences on nurses’ use of clinical decision support systems. Int J Med Inform.
2010;79( 6): 10.
9Park KW, et al. The operating room dashboard. J Surg Res. 2010;164( 2):294–300.
10Adams TM. Design and implementation of a
clinical dashboard. 2007, The University of
Texas School of Public Health: United
States—Texas. p. n/a.
11Hardee S. Magnet hospitals and benchmarking: The Perioperative dashboard.
SSM. 2003; 9( 3): 13–17.
12Serb C. Effective dashboards. What to measure and how to show it. Hosp Health
Netw. 2011;85( 6): 8, 40, 42.
13McLeod B, et al. Matching capacity to
demand: a regional dashboard reduces
ambulance avoidance and improves accessibility of receiving hospitals. Acad Emerg
Med. 2010; 17( 12):1383–1389.
14Cheng CK, et al. Digital dashboard design
using multiple data streams for disease
surveillance with influenza surveillance
as an example. J Med Internet Res. 2011;
15Waitman LR, et al. Adopting real-time surveillance dashboards as a component of an
enterprisewide medication safety strategy.
The Joint Commission Journal on Quality
and Patient Safety. 2011; 37( 7):326–332.
16Cleverley WO. Financial dashboard reporting
for the hospital industry. J Health Care
Finance. 2001; 27( 3): 30–40.
17Koopman RJ, et al. A diabetes dashboard
and physician efficiency and accuracy in
accessing data needed for high-quality
diabetes care. Ann Fam Med. 2011;
18Loeb BB. A dashboard for medical staff goals.
Trustee. 2010;63( 3): 35–36, 1.
19Abujudeh HH, et al. Quality initiatives: Key
performance indicators for measuring
and improving radiology department performance. Radiographics. 2010; 30( 3):
20Bannon E. Clinical dashboard. Hospitals &
Health Networks. 2005;79( 10): 16–16, 18.
21Blais R, Champagne F, and Rousseau L.
TOCSIN: a proposed dashboard of indicators to control healthcare-associated infections. Healthc Q. 2009; 12 Spec No
22Clarke S. Your business dashboard: Knowing
when to change the oil. Journal of Corporate
Accounting & Finance. 2005; 16( 2): 51–54.
23Hoekzema G, et al. Residency “dashboard”:
family medicine GME’s step towards transparency and accountability? Ann Fam Med.
2010; 8( 5):470.
24Barta RA. Dashboards: a required business
management tool. Biomed Instrum Technol.
2010; 44( 3):228–230.
25Mick J. Data-driven decision making: a
nursing research and evidence-based
practice dashboard. J Nurs Adm. 2011;
26Frith KH, Anderson F, and Sewell JP.
Assessing and selecting data for a nursing
services dashboard. J Nurs Adm. 2010;
40( 1): 10–16.
27Aydin CE, et al. Beyond Nursing Quality
Measurement: The Nation’s First Regional
Nursing Virtual Dashboard Assessment.
Mahtab Karami is a PhD student of health information
management at the School of Allied Health Sciences,
Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran
and can be contacted at email@example.com.
Reza Safdari is a PhD of health information
management and associated professor at the School
of Allied Health Sciences, Tehran University of Medical
Sciences in Tehran, Iran and can be contacted at
rsafdari@ tums.ac.ir. *Corresponding author.
Azin Rahimi, PhD, is assistant professor of teaching
English at the School of Allied Health Sciences, Tehran
University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran and can
be contacted at a_rahimi@ tums.ac.ir.